英译汉翻译技能 归化 (Adaptation)由于文化上的差异，英译汉时有时直译原文就会使译入语读者感到费解，甚至误解。这时，就有必要借用汉语中意义相同或相近、且具有自己鲜明文化色彩的表达法对原文加以归化。
1) have a wolf by the ears 骑虎难下
2) to be cut at elbows 捉襟见肘
3) at sword’s points 强烈分歧
4) Give a dog an ill name and hang him. 欲加之罪，何患无词
5) A little pot is soon hot 量小易怒
6) I don’t understand how he can think she is good-looking, but beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
7) He may always possess merits which make up for everything; if he loses on the swings, he may win on the roundabouts.
8) It was a case of diamond cut diamond. They thought they were going to beat Barcelona. In fact they lost the game 0:3.
9) All you can do is to burn your boats and fight them in the hope that one day they’ll come out on top.
10) The students must be enjoying the speech, because they’re laughing their heads off.
1) At present people have a tendency to choose the safety of the middle-ground reply.
2) The inside of each tent depended on the personality of its occupants.
3) Aunt Julia vainly asked each of her neighbours in turn to tell her what Gabriel had said.
4) The American commander, Admiral Nimitz, was understandably reluctant to join the battle.
1) The intent to make an immediate gift must be clear and unmistakable, and the transfer must take immediate and permanent effect.
2) Built in 1192, the bridge is over 700 hundred years old.
3) Several blocks from the park, running parallel to it, Clement Street bustles like a second Chinatown with dozens of ethnic restaurants.
1) His wealth enables him to do everything.
2) His contemptuous attitude towards us is contemptible.
a) The turn of the century finds China most attractive on the diplomatic arena.
b) At the turn of the century, China is very active in its diplomatic activities.
Great changes have taken place in China.
China has witnessed tremendous changes.
a. China’s first atomic blast in October, 1964 was a great shock to the rest of the world.
b. In October, 1964, China blasted its first atomic bomb, which shocked the rest of the world greatly.
a. We’ve got another flat tire.
b. Our tire is flat again.
a. It is impossible to judge people from their appearance, and impossible to measure the ocean by pints.
b. We can’t judge people from their appearance, just as we can’t measure the ocean by pints.
Silence, silence! Unless we burst out, we shall perish in this silence!
It’s blowing hard.
You realize your ideals through labor and you guide your labor by ideals.
a. The ship of China’s socialist construction will brave the wind and waves and sail to the glorious destination of modernization.
b. China will stride forward in building socialism, like a ship braving the wind and the waves, towards the glorious destination of modernization.
a. The development of our relations has made us not only close friends but also brothers.
b. Our relations have so grown that bind us not only as close friends but also as brothers.
a. His outspokenness and readiness to make friends with anyone soon won their trust.
b. He was very outspoken and always ready to make friends with anyone, so he won their trust.
a. A strong, prosperous and developed China will pose no threat to any countries.
b. The strength, prosperity and development of China will pose no threat to any countries.
a. The designs and variety of light industrial and textile products have increased and their quality has continued to improve.
b. Light industry and textile products are now available in better designs and quality and richer variety.
a. The building is not well built.
b. The quality of the building is poor.
Storms gather without warning in nature and bad luck befalls men overnight.
It’s utterly absurd.
Success depends on calm minds.
On the Dragon Boat Festival, people eat zongzi.
That Shanghai has changed greatly in recent years has won admiration from people all over the world.
a. The Central Government has refrained from intervening in the affairs of the HKSAR.
b. The Central Government has never intervened in the affairs of the HKSAR.
a. The economy of China will merge into the tide of the world economy.
b. The economy of China will converge with that of the world economy.
a. Even now, this remains fresh in my memory.
b. Even now, I still often think about it.
a. The turn of the century finds China most active on the diplomatic arena.
b. At the turn of the century, China is very active in its diplomatic activities.
a. When they talk to press, the Shanghai citizens use more and more adjectives of the superlative degree.
b. You can hear Shanghai people using more and more adjectives of the superlative degree when they talk to the press.
a. I’ve been idle for another month now.
b. Another month now and I’ve had no work.
a. The palace was reduced to ruins by the allied forces of the eight foreign powers.
b. The palace suffered ravage in the hands of the allied forces of the eight foreign powers.
a. They gradually calmed down, restored self-confidence.
b. Gradually, they calmed down and regained self-confidence.
Feudal society replaced slavery society, capitalism supplanted feudalism, and, after a long time, socialism will necessarily supercede capitalism.
The first change was represented by the Revolution of 1911…The second change was marked by the founding of the People’s Republic of China…The third change was featured by the reform, opening-up policy…
a. If agriculture is in good shape and the peasants self-supporting, then the 500 million people will feel secure.
b. If agriculture is in good shape and the peasants are self-supporting, then the 500 million people will feel secure.
a. Full attention has been paid by the municipal government to the improvement of the housing conditions of the urban inhabitants.
b. The municipal government has paid full attention to the housing conditions of the urban inhabitants.
The White Snake, one of the most popular traditional Peking operas, is based on a story handed down from the Ming Dynasty.
The famous Italian traveler Marco Polo was so impressed by the beauty of Hangzhou that he described it as “the most fascinating city in the world, where one feels as if he was in paradise.”
Heroes create the times, the times produce their heroes.
Crossing the threshold, I was taken aback by the mess in the house.
Sichuan is noted as the “Land of Abundance”.
A man was sitting on a couch.
The beauty of the West Lake in Hangzhou was what impressed Marco Polo most during his trip to China.
We are going to start at nine tomorrow morning.
The book was bought three days ago.
He watches TV every evening.
In a machine a great deal of energy is lost because of the friction between its parts.
They observed the chemical reaction with great care.
They observed with great care the chemical reaction.
They ran side by side at a fantastic speed towards the stone pagoda.
Side by side and at a fantastic speed they ran towards the stone pagoda.
Side by side they ran at a fantastic speed towards the stone pagoda.
The meeting will begin ceremoniously in Beijing the following September.
He reads hard in the library every evening.
He was born in a small town of Hunan Province at six thirty on the morning of August 22, 1935.
The office on the fortieth floor of a skyscraper in the center of New York City is the world he works in.
The vast sea
The time-honored Central Plain culture
The world-famous Great Wall
Before liberation in 1949 the Chinese people suffered from ②some of the worst inflation①the world had ever known.
③the best-preserved ②magnificent ancient architectural complexes①in China